What is Bharatmala Pariyojana?
Bharatmala Pariyojana is a new umbrella program for the highways sector envisaged by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways that focuses on optimizing the efficiency of freight and passenger movement across the country.
Bharatmala Project Components:
- Economic Corridor – As per the guidelines of the road construction project, the construction of 9000 km of Economic Corridors will be undertaken by the central government.
- Feeder Route or Inter Corridor – The total length of the roads, that fall under the Feeder Route or Inter Corridor category, is a whopping 6000kms.
- National Corridor Efficiency Improvement – 5000kms of roads, constructed under the scheme will fall in the category of National Corridor for the better connection between roads.
- Border Road and International Connectivity – Connecting the cities and remote areas, which are situated in the border regions, the project has kept provision for constructing 2000 km of roads that fall in the Border Road or International Connectivity category.
- Port Connectivity and Coastal Road – To connect the areas that are dotted along the shorelines and important ports, the central government has ordered the construction of 2000km of roads.
- Green Field Expressway – The main stress will be given to the construction and development of Green Field Expressway for better management of traffic and freight.
- Balance NHDP Works – Under the last segment, the project will see the construction and maintenance of about 10,000 km of new roads.
- Improvement in the efficiency of existing corridors through the development of Multimodal Logistics Parks and elimination of chokepoints.
- Multimodal Logistics Parks is a key policy initiative of the Government of India to improve the country’s logistics sector by lowering overall freight costs, reducing vehicular pollution and congestion, and cutting warehousing costs.
- A chokepoint is a single point through which all incoming and outgoing network traffic is funneled and hence, leads to congestion and traffic.
- Enhance focus on improving connectivity in the Northeast and leveraging synergies with Inland Waterways.
- Emphasis on the use of scientific and technological planning for Project Preparation and Asset Monitoring.
- Satellite mapping of corridors to identify up-gradation requirements.
- Delegation of powers to expedite project delivery for successful completion of Phase I by 2022.
Related Links: Sagarmala Project