Garba: Unesco Intangible Cultural Heritage

Garba: Unesco Intangible Cultural Heritage

Recent Context:

Garba Dance of Gujrat made it to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage list.

What is Garba?

  • It is a folk dance of Gujrat state which is performed during the 9-day Navratri festival. The dance is a celebration of good over evil. The word Garba comes from the Sanskrit word womb implying life and creation.
  • Garba is performed by both men and women around a centrally lit lamp or a picture or statue of Goddess Shakti.
  • Modern-day Garba is influenced by Dandiya Raas, a traditional dance performed by men. The merger of these two dances has formed present-day garba.

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH)

  • UNESCO is a term that refers to the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills, and cultural spaces that are recognized as part of the cultural heritage of a community group or individual.
  • In 2003, UNESCO adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), signifying a commitment to protect, promote, and transmit the diverse expressions of human culture.
  • The convention establishes two crucial lists for ICH.
    • Representative List: Showcasing the global diversity of ICH, this list raises awareness of its significance and importance.
    • Urgent Safeguarding List: Identifying threatened ICH, this list calls for immediate measures to ensure its survival.
  • Examples of ICH:
    • Languages, oral traditions, literature, and poetry.
    • Performing arts, such as music, dance, and theatre.
    • Social practices, rituals, and festive events.
    • Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe.
    • Traditional craftsmanship, such as pottery, weaving, and metalwork.

Also, check out: VAN DHAN SCHEME