Mission Divyastra

Mission Divyastra

Mission Divyastra


  • DRDO launched Mission Divyastra.
  • This is the first flight test of an indigenously developed 5,000-km range Agni-5 nuclear missile, equipped with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology.
  • Mission Divyastra aims to deliver multiple warheads at different locations or the same location in a single launch. The warheads could include decoys to deceive the enemy’s ballistic missile program.

MIRV Technology


  • MIRV technology originated in the United States, with the deployment of a MIRVed Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) in 1970.
  • MIRV allows a single missile to carry multiple warheads (3-4), each capable of targeting different locations independently.
  • MIRV technology enhances the missile’s effectiveness by increasing the number of potential targets it can engage.
  • MIRVs can be launched from both land-based platforms and sea-based platforms, such as submarines, expanding their operational flexibility and range.

Global Adoption and Proliferation

  • Nations possessing MIRV technology include major nuclear powers such as the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and India, while Pakistan tested the technology (Ababeel Missile) in 2017.
  • The test flight of Agni-5 marked the first time that the MIRV technology was tested in India, which aims to deploy multiple warheads at different locations in a single launch.
  • The Agni-5 weapon system is equipped with indigenous avionics systems and high-accuracy sensor packages, which ensured that the re-entry vehicles reached the target points within the desired accuracy.

Strategic Significance

  • MIRVs were initially designed to enhance offensive capabilities rather than to defeat ballistic missile defences.
  • Their ability to deploy multiple warheads independently makes them significantly more challenging to defend against compared to traditional missiles.


  • Deploying MIRV technology presents complex challenges, including the miniaturisation of warheads, the development of advanced guidance systems, and ensuring the reliability of individual re-entry vehicles.
  • Addressing these challenges is crucial for maintaining the effectiveness and reliability of MIRV systems in strategic operations.
Mission Divyastra

Agni-5 Missile

  • Agni is an Inter-continental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed indigenously by the DRDO.
  • It is capable of carrying nuclear warheads and has a target range of more than 5,000 km. It uses a three-stage solid-fuelled engine.
  • Agni-5 has been successfully tested several times since 2012. In December 2022, DRDO also tested the night-time capabilities of Agni-5.
  • Missiles in Agni Family:
    • Agni I: Short-range ballistic missile (Range more than 700 km).
    • Agni II: Medium-range ballistic missile (Range more than 2000 to 3500 km).
    • Agni III: Intermediate-range ballistic missile (Range more than 3000 km).
    • Agni IV: Intermediate-range ballistic missile (Range more than 3500 km).
    • Agni-P (Agni Prime): A nuclear-capable, two-stage canisterised solid propellant ballistic missile (Range 1,000 to 2,000 km).
  • The next upgrade of the Agni missile, Agni-6, is expected to be a full-fledged intercontinental ballistic missile with a range well over 7,000 km.

Related Links:

Mangalyaan MissionAgnipath Scheme
Gaganyaan MissionDRDO