Project Taara

Project Taara

Project Taara

About

  • Project Taara is working to bring fast, affordable connectivity to the world using a new approach to wireless optical communication (WOC) technology.
  • Taara uses beams of light to deliver high-speed, high-capacity connectivity over long distances. In the same way, that traditional fiber uses light to carry data through cables in the ground, Taara uses light to transmit the information as very narrow, invisible beams.
  • This beam is sent between two small Taara terminals to create a link.
  • Taara is a product of Google’s parent company Alphabet to provide connectivity in remote areas.

Technology used by Project Taara

  • Project Taara uses Free Space Optical Communication (FSOC) technology where free space is used as a communication channel.
  • The size of the machine is similar to that of traffic lights. This machine beams the laser carrying the data – essentially fiber-optic internet without the cables.
  • Partners like Airtel use the machine to build out communications infrastructure in hard-to-reach places.
  • The tested speed was achieved up to 20Gbps through up to 20 km range.

Advantages

  • Cost-effective and quickly deployable.
  • High-speed data transmission.
  • Effective in remote areas that are difficult to connect using fiber cables.

Challenges

  • Weather conditions like fog and haze can affect the signal transmission.
  • Obstructions like birds or insects in front of the signal.

Way Forward

  • It can be used for high-speed data transfer and connectivity.
  • It can be a boon for rural connectivity and will help to boost the Digital Indian Mission.

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