Water Act 1974

Water Act 1974

The WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, of 1974 defined terms like pollution, sewage effluent, trade effluent, stream, and boards.


  • The Act provides for the maintenance and restoration of the quality of all types of surface and groundwater.
  • Controlling bodies: It provides for the establishment of Central and State Boards for pollution control.
  • Functions: The Act assigns powers and functions to these Boards to control pollution.
  • Board authority: The Central and State Pollution Control Boards are given comprehensive powers to advise, coordinate, and provide technical assistance for the prevention and control of water pollution.
  • Audit: The Act has provisions for funds, budgets, accounts, and audits of the Central and State Pollution Control Boards.
  • Prohibition: The Act prohibits the disposal of any poisonous, noxious, or polluting matter to the flow of water in a stream. However, dumping any material into a stream for reclamation of land is not considered an offense.
  • Penalties: The Act provides for severe and deterrent punishments for violation of the Act which includes fines and imprisonment.

Related Links: The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960