- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is the new avatar of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
- But, in a significant departure from the earlier mission, the Centre will not appraise individual projects.
- The Mission will focus on the following Thrust Areas:
- Water Supply.
- Sewerage and septage management.
- Storm Water Drainage to reduce flooding
- Non-motorized Urban Transport.
- Green space/parks.
Five hundred cities have been selected under AMRUT:
The category of cities that have been selected under AMRUT is given below:
- All Cities and Towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities as per Census 2011, including Cantonment Boards (Civilian areas).
- All Capital Cities/Towns of States/ UTs, not covered in above.
- All Cities/ Towns are classified as Heritage Cities by MoHUA under the HRIDAY Scheme.
- Thirteen Cities and Towns on the stem of the main rivers with a population above 75,000 and less than 1 lakh.
- Ten Cities from hill states, islands, and tourist destinations (not more than one from each State).
- AMRUT adopts a project approach to ensure basic infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, storm-water drains, transportation, and the development of green spaces and parks with special provisions for meeting the needs of children.
- Under this mission, 10% of the budget allocation will be given to states and union territories as an incentive based on the achievement of reforms during the previous year.
- States will only submit state annual action Plans to the center for broad concurrence based on which funds will be released.
- Central assistance will be to the extent of 50% of the project cost for cities and towns with a population of up to 10 lakhs and one-third of the project cost for those with a population of above 10 lakhs.
- Under the mission, states will transfer funds to urban local bodies within 7 days of transfer by the central government, and no diversion of funds to be made failing which penal interest would be charged besides taking other adverse action by the center.
- Under the reforms agenda of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0), reforms on water conservation envisages recycling of treated wastewater to meet 20% of the total city water demand and 40% of industry water demand in aggregate at the state level.
- The government of India has launched AMRUT 2.0 on 01 October 2021 for 5 years from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
- AMRUT 2.0 is designed to provide universal coverage of water supply to all households through functional taps in all statutory towns and coverage of sewerage/septage management in 500 AMRUT cities.
- Making the cities ‘water secure’ and thereby enhancing the ease of living of citizens is a major objective of the Mission.
- AMRUT 2.0 has been envisaged to promote the circular economy of water through the development of a city water balance plan for each city focusing on recycling/reuse of treated sewage, rejuvenation of water bodies, and water conservation.
- Under Sewerage component of the AMRUT 2.0 for 500 AMRUT cities, tertiary treatment with end-to-end reuse plan (preferably in Public Private Partnership mode); provision/ augmentation and rehabilitation of sewerage systems with end-to-end treatment and reuse; tapping of used water for recycling; identifying the bulk users of recycled used water and facilitating sale of used water to potential users (e.g. industrial clusters such as textile/ leather/ paper/ power plants/ railways, etc.) are admission components.
The highlights of AMRUT 2.0 are as under:
- Universal coverage of water supply from 500 cities to about 4,800 statutory towns.
- Focus on making the cities ‘self-reliant’ and ‘water secure’.
- Universal coverage of sewerage and septage management in 500 AMRUT cities.
- Target to provide 2.68 crore drinking water tap connections and 2.64 crore sewer connections.
- Focus on the financial sustainability of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) through enhanced creditworthiness and market borrowing.
- ‘Pey Jal Survekshan’ will be undertaken in cities to promote healthy competition among them and function as a monitoring tool and Mission accelerator.
- Technology sub-mission under AMRUT 2.0 will help in identifying proven and potential global technologies in the water sector.
- Entrepreneurship/ start-ups involved in low-cost indigenous equipment and processes will be encouraged.