Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)


  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship program of the Government of India. It provides Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household in the country by 2024.
  • This initiative envisions eradicating waterborne diseases and enhancing the overall quality of life by providing households with a tap connection to a sustainable source of drinking water.
  • It comes under the Jal Shakti Ministry.


  • Provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household.
  • Focus on providing FHTCs in quality-affected areas, drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Provide functional tap connections to Schools, Anganwadi centers, GP buildings, Health centers, wellness centers, and community buildings.
  • Monitor the functionality of tap connections.
  • Promoting voluntary ownership among the local community. This is through cash, kind, and/or labor contributions, as well as voluntary labor (shramdaan).
  • Ensure the water supply system is sustainable for regular operation and maintenance (O&M).
  • Empower and develop human resources in the water sector to meet short and long-term demands.
  • Raise awareness on safe drinking water. Involve stakeholders to make water everyone’s business.


  • Paani Samitis plans, implements, manages, operates, and maintains village water supply systems. These consist of 10-15 members, with at least 50% women members and other members from Self-Help Groups, Accredited Social and Health Workers, Anganwadi teachers, etc.
  • The committees prepare a one-time village action plan, merging all available village resources. The plan is approved in a Gram Sabha before implementation.

Funding Pattern:

The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.


  • Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connections to every rural household.
  • Development of reliable drinking water sources. Augmentation of existing sources for long-term sustainability.
  • Construction of bulk water transfer systems, treatment plants, and distribution networks to cater to every rural household.
  • Technological interventions to address water quality issues and remove contaminants.
  • Retrofitting completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at a minimum service level of 55 liters per capita per day (lpcd).
  • Implementation of greywater management systems.
  • Addressing unforeseen challenges arising from natural disasters that may affect the goal of providing FHTCs to every household by 2024.

Major Features of Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Community Participation: The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) encourages active community participation by involving local communities in planning, implementing, and managing water supply systems. This approach fosters a sense of ownership and accountability among residents.
  • Infrastructure Development: To achieve its objectives, the mission focuses on developing water supply infrastructure, including tap connections, water treatment plants, storage facilities, and distribution networks. This comprehensive approach ensures long-term sustainability.
  • Technological Integration: Jal Jeevan Mission embraces technological advancements to optimize water supply management. Remote monitoring, real-time data collection, and analytics are crucial in tracking water quality and consumption patterns.
  • Capacity Building: Capacity building and training programs are integral to the mission’s success. These initiatives empower local water committees and workers with the necessary skills to effectively maintain and manage water supply systems.

Jal Jeevan Mission App

This app serves as a platform for stakeholders to monitor the progress of water supply projects, track water quality, and access real-time data for informed decision-making.

Related Links:

AMRUT MissionSmart City Mission
Digi Yatra SchemeNISAR Mission