PM JANMAN (Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan)

PM JANMAN (Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan)


PM JANMAN (Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan) aims to protect and nurture tribal groups, especially those on the verge of extinction, by providing them with the necessary support, development, and connectivity to mainstream services and opportunities.


  • The initiative covers 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) residing in 18 states and union territories, spread across 22,544 villages in 220 districts.
  • Approximately 28 lakh people are belonging to these identified tribal groups.


  • PM JANMAN underscores the government’s commitment to uplifting and safeguarding tribal communities, preserving their cultural heritage, and integrating them into the mainstream development process.
  • It emphasizes the need to bridge the gap between tribal populations and essential services while ensuring their socio-economic empowerment.

Aim of the Mission:

  • Under this Scheme, 4.9 lakh pucca houses will be built.
  • 8000 km of metal roads will be laid.
  • Will bring piped water to all households in over 22000 villages.
  • Provide Community water pipelines to 2500 PVTG villages.
  • Set up 2500 Anganwadi Centres, set up 1000 mobile medical units (10 per district)
  • Install mobile towers in 3000 villages.
  • Set up 500 Van Dhan Vikas Kendra to facilitate the sale of forest produce.

Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra:

  • The focus of the Yatra will be on reaching out to people, creating awareness, and providing benefits of welfare schemes like sanitation facilities, essential financial services, electricity connections, access to LPG cylinders, housing for the poor, food security, proper nutrition, reliable healthcare, clean drinking water, etc.
  • They will enroll potential beneficiaries based on the details ascertained during the Yatra.
  • The Yatra will start from districts with significant tribal populations initially and will cover all districts across the country.

PM PVTG Mission:

  • The PM-PVTG Development Mission program aims to improve the socio-economic status of Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • The Union Budget has envisaged the availability of Rs 24000 Crore for Scheduled Tribes for this purpose.

What are the challenges in the implementation of the scheme?

  • Data inaccuracy-There is a lack of current data on PVTGs, as no census since 1951 has accounted for them separately.
  • Lack of transparency– The current project is going ahead with the baseline surveys but the results are not publicized.
  • Lack of accountability– The scheme involves multiple ministries, which may lead to issues of overlapping or conflicting mandates, gaps in service delivery, etc.,
  • Loss of ecological diversity– Some interventions such as road construction may affect the availability and quality of natural resources.
  • Loss of cultural heritage– The scheme provides education, health, skill development, etc., this may result in loss of their intellectual and cultural heritage, and reduce their resilience and adaptability.
  • Lack of autonomy- Mobile connectivity, Anganwadi centers, and Bandhan Vikas Kendra may bring the PVTGs under the purview of state and market forces and compromise their sovereignty and rights.

Related Links:

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya YojanaPradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana