Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)


Under the Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY) scheme, households will get a solar rooftop connection which will be subsidized by the central government.


1 crore households, primarily focusing on low and middle-income individuals.


  • Reduced electricity bills for beneficiaries.
  • Increased energy independence and self-reliance for households.
  • Additional income generation through surplus electricity production.

Meeting and Launch:

  • The scheme was formally launched at the Prime Minister’s residence on Lok Kalyan Marg.
  • Prime Minister Modi emphasized the potential of rooftop solar to empower every household with abundant, renewable energy.

National Campaign:

A comprehensive national campaign will be launched to mobilize and encourage widespread adoption of rooftop solar among residential consumers.


  • Provide affordable solar energy: By promoting rooftop solar, the government hopes to reduce dependence on traditional electricity sources, potentially lowering electricity bills for the targeted poor and middle-class households.
  • Increase energy independence: Widespread adoption of rooftop solar could contribute to India’s energy security by reducing reliance on fossil fuels and imports.
  • Promote environmental sustainability: Increased dependence on solar energy aligns with India’s climate goals for reducing carbon emissions and mitigating climate change.


The Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana promises significant benefits for both individual households and the nation as a whole.

By providing access to clean, affordable energy, the scheme can:

  • Reduce dependence on conventional, often carbon-intensive electricity sources.
  • Lower electricity bills for targeted beneficiaries, alleviating financial burdens.
  • Contribute to India’s ambitious clean energy and carbon reduction goals.
  • Empower households with energy independence and potential income generation.

How does this scheme help India achieve its Climate Pledge?

India’s climate pledges, outlined in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), are multifaceted and ambitious.

Key Pledges (NDC)

  • Emission Intensity Reduction: Reduce the emissions intensity of GDP by 45% below 2005 levels by 2030.
  • Renewable Energy Share: Achieve 50% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
  • Carbon Sink Enhancement: Create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
  • Net-Zero Target: Achieve net-zero emissions by 2070.

The updated NDC also includes a qualitative target to promote a healthy and sustainable lifestyle, “LIFE” – “Lifestyle for Environment” as a key to combating climate change.

The updated NDC was submitted to the UN and will be implemented over the period 2021-2030.

Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) – India

The updated NDC is a positive step forward for India’s climate action. However, it is important to note that the NDC is not legally binding. India will need to take concrete steps to implement the NDC to achieve its targets.

How is Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana expected to contribute?

The scheme has the potential to significantly contribute to several pledge areas:

Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions:

  • Increased Renewable Energy Share
    • By promoting rooftop solar installations, PMSY directly adds to India’s renewable energy capacity.
    • This reduces reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation, leading to a decrease in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Lowered Carbon Intensity
    • The scheme aligns with India’s NDC target of reducing the carbon intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030 (compared to 2005 levels).
    • As more households adopt rooftop solar, the overall carbon footprint of the electricity sector will decrease.

Improved Energy Security and Self-Reliance:

  • Reduced Dependence on Imports
    • Increasing domestic renewable energy generation makes India less reliant on imported fossil fuels, thereby enhancing energy security and reducing vulnerability to global price fluctuations.
  • Renewable Energy Share
  • With widespread adoption, PMSY can significantly boost India’s non-fossil fuel installed capacity, moving closer to the 50% goal.

Decentralized Electricity Generation

  • Rooftop solar promotes a decentralized model of electricity generation, making the grid more resilient and less susceptible to centralized disruptions.
  • This contributes to India’s NDC goal of creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

Additional Benefits:

  • Carbon Sink Enhancement: While not directly linked to carbon sink creation, the reduced emissions from rooftop solar indirectly support environmental conservation efforts and mitigate climate change, aligning with the carbon sink goal.
  • Improved air quality: By reducing dependence on fossil fuels, PMSY can indirectly contribute to cleaner air, particularly in urban areas, aligning with India’s focus on clean and healthy living.
  • Job creation: The scheme is expected to create new jobs in the renewable energy sector, contributing to economic growth and development.

Potential Impact

While the exact contribution of PMSY is difficult to quantify at this stage, it could be substantial given its ambitious target of 1 crore installations. If successful, the scheme could:

  • Reduce India’s annual CO2 emissions by up to 30 million tonnes.
  • Increase the share of renewable energy in electricity generation by up to 5%-10%.
  • Create a ripple effect, fostering public awareness and adoption of clean energy solutions.

Challenges and Uncertainties

  • Implementation and Coverage: Effective rollout, access to financing for low-income households, and proper integration with the grid will be crucial.
  • Technology and Efficiency: Advancements in solar technology and efficient utilization of generated energy are needed to maximize impact.
  • Policy Support and Sustainability: Long-term commitment to financial incentives and supportive policies will be essential for sustained growth.
  • Initial Investment: The upfront cost of installing rooftop solar can be a barrier for some households. Government subsidies and financing options will be crucial for wider adoption, especially among low- and middle-income families.
  • Grid Integration: Integrating large-scale rooftop solar generation into the existing grid infrastructure needs careful planning and management to maintain grid stability and efficiency.
  • Capacity Building: Awareness and technical expertise regarding rooftop solar installation and maintenance need to be built among both consumers and installers to ensure the scheme’s effectiveness.

Related Links:

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)PM Vishwakarma Scheme
Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN)