PM Gram Sadak Yojana

PM Gram Sadak Yojana

PM Gram Sadak Yojana


  • PM Gram Sadak Yojana was launched on 25th December 2000.
  • To provide connectivity, by way of an all-weather road to unconnected habitations.


Unconnected habitations of designated population size (500+ in plain areas and 250+ in North-Eastern States, Himalayan States, Deserts, and Tribal Areas as per 2001 census) in the core network for uplifting the socio-economic condition of the rural population.

  • An Unconnected Habitation is one with a population of designated size located at a distance of at least 500 meters or more (1.5 km of path distance in case of Hills) from an All-weather road or a connected Habitation.
  • Core Network: It is that minimal Network of roads (routes) that is essential to provide Basic access to essential social and economic services to all eligible habitations in the selected areas through at least a single all-weather road connectivity.

Latest Funding Pattern: 

The fund allocation to states has been made in subsequent years commensurate with the value of projects sanctioned to states.

The Union Government bears 90% of the project cost for projects sanctioned under the scheme in North-Eastern and Himalayan States, whereas for other states the Union Government bears 60% of the cost.

Construction of Rural Roads: 

The Rural Roads constructed under the PMGSY will be following the provision of the Indian Roads Congress (IRC).

  • IRC is the Apex Body of Highway Engineers in the country.
  • The IRC was set up in 1934.

PMGSY – Phase I

  • PMGSY – Phase I was launched in December 2000 as a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme.
  • Under the scheme, 1,35,436 habitations were targeted for providing road connectivity and 3.68 lakh km. for the upgradation of existing rural roads to ensure full farm-to-market connectivity.

PMGSY – Phase II

  • The Government of India subsequently launched PMGSY-II in 2013 for the upgradation of 50,000 Km of the existing rural road network to improve its overall efficiency.
  • While the ongoing PMGSY – I continued, under PMGSY phase II, the roads already built for village connectivity were to be upgraded to enhance rural infrastructure.
  • The cost was shared between the center and the states/UTs.


  • Phase III was approved by the Cabinet in July 2019.
  • It gives priorities to facilities like:
    • Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs)
    • GrAMs are retail agricultural markets close to the farm gate, that promote and service a more efficient transaction of the farmers’ produce.
    • Higher Secondary Schools and
    • Hospitals.
  • Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, it is proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km of road length in the States. The duration of the scheme is 2019-20 to 2024-25.


  • Lack of dedicated funds.
  • Limited involvement of the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  • Inadequate execution and contracting capacity.
  • Less working season and difficult terrain particularly in Hill States.
  • Scarcity of the construction materials.
  • Security concerns particularly in Left Wing Extremism (LWE) areas.

Related Links:

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi YojanaPM Kisan Maandhan Yojana
PM Garib Kalyan Anna YojanaPradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)